COSPAR was created in 1958 to promote international cooperation in the pursuit of scientific research in space. It was the dawn of the space age which had just arrived with the launches of Sputnik 1 by the USSR in late 1957, and Explorer 1 by the US in early 1958. More fully known as the Committee on Space Research of the International Council for Science (ICSU), COSPAR was created with an emphasis on the exchange of results, information and opinions in space research. In the execution of its primary charter, COSPAR meetings and events have become key venues for the creation and extension of partnerships between the individuals and nations pursuing research in the space sciences. The primary means by which COSPAR achieves its objectives is the biennial COSPAR Scientific Assembly which over the decades has garnered recognition as the premier forum for presenting the most important results in space research, and for bringing together the widest spectrum of research in the space sciences.