Special Sessions

COSPAR Interdisciplinary Lectures

confirmed to date

Economic Value of a More Advanced Climate Observing System

Bruce Wielicki, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA

Dr. Bruce Wielicki has been a climate researcher for over 40 years.  He has a PhD in physical oceanography from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.  He has published over 110 journal papers, with over 6,000 journal citations, including recent publications with economists on the economic value to society of advances in climate science.

Dr. Wielicki has served as Project Scientist on NASA field experiments; Co-Investigator on four NASA space missions studying clouds, aerosols and radiation; Principal Investigator of NASA’s CERES instruments (Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System); and currently serves as the Science Team Lead for NASA’s CLARREO (Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity) mission.  He has received NASA medals for Scientific Achievement, Leadership, Exceptional Achievement, and Distinguished Service.  He is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society, and has received their Houghton Award.

60 Years of Radiation Belts

Daniel Baker, LASP, Boulder, CO, USA

Daniel N. Baker is Director of the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, U. of Colorado. Distinguished Professor of Planetary and Space Physics and the Moog-Broad Reach Chair of Space Sciences. Group Leader for Space Plasma Physics at Los Alamos National Laboratory (1980-87) and Division Chief at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center (1987-1994). Edited eight books and published over 800 journal papers. Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the AIAA, and the AAAS. Member of the International Academy of Astronautics and of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering. Winner of the AIAA James A. Van Allen Space Environments Medal (2010) and Vikram A. Sarabhai Professorship (2015) of the Indian Physical Research Laboratory. Shen Kuo Medal of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA, 2015) for his interdisciplinary leadership. Lead investigator on several NASA space missions and chaired the National Academies’ 2013-2022 Decadal Survey in Solar and Space Physics.

Mikhail Panasyuk, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State Univ., Russia

Prof. Mikhail Panasyuk has obtained the most important scientific results in the field of cosmic rays and space radiation studies. His Candidate and Doctor of science dissertations were devoted to ion’s radiation belts and ring current in the magnetosphere respectively. During his scientific career he was involved in a series of experiments onboard Soviet satellites “Molniya-1”, “Molniya-2” and “Gorizont” aimed on the studies of the Earth’s radiation belts and ion ring current. Currently M. Panasyuk coordinates a large space projects on the studies of cosmic rays of high and ultra-high energy “Lomonosov”(launched in 2016)  and  K-EUSO (project for future) onboard the International Space Station focused on the studies of the origin of cosmic rays particles, along with a number of the experiments onboard “Meteor”,“Electro”, and ISS on the radiation studies. In 2014 a space project “Vernov” was started under his supervision, intended on the studies of the interrelation of the physical processes in the near-Earth space and in the upper layers of the Earth’s atmosphere. He has received Lomonosov Award of MSU for ion ring current studies.

Ocean Worlds of the Outer Solar System

Alexander Hayes, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Alexander Hayes is an Assistant Professor of Astronomy at Cornell University and Director of the Spacecraft Planetary Image Facility. Prof. Hayes and his group specialize in the geological and physical processes that shape planetary surface and atmospheres, including the identification and characterization of potentially habitable environments across the solar system. Alex’s flight project experience includes Cassini, MER, MSL, Mars2020, and Europa Clipper. He has also worked on instrument design and characterization for several Missile Defense Agency Programs. Dr. Hayes is the recipient of the Zeldovich Medal from COSPAR and the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Ronald Greely Early Career Award from AGU, the Sigma Xi Young Scholar Procter Prize, and a NASA Early Career Fellowship. Dr. Hayes recently served as a member of the Science Definition Teams for the Europa Lander and Ice Giants mission concept studies. He earned a M.Eng in Applied Physics from Cornell University and a Ph.D. in Planetary Science from the California Institute of Technology.

Gaia: the Galaxy in 3-Dimensions

Elena Pancino, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Florence, Italy

Elena Pancino has been involved in the ESA Gaia mission since 2006, she leads the ground-based support observations for the flux calibration of Gaia photometry and spectroscopy, in the framework of the Gaia DPAC (Data Processing and Analysis Consortium). She is a Senior Scientist at the ASI Space Science Data Center, one of the Gaia Partner Data Centres. She presently works at the Arcetri Observatory in Florence, at the INAF (Italian National Astrophysics Institute), in the Stars and Star Formation group and is responsible for the calibrations of the Gaia-ESO spectroscopic survey. Her main scientific interest lies in resolved stellar populations in the Milky Way and the local group of galaxies, especially on their chemistry and kinematics as a tool to reconstruct their formation and evolution, a discipline that is often called “Galactic Archaeology”. Her main focus is on the study of stellar clusters and other small stellar aggregates like open and globular clusters or dwarf galaxies, and their tidal streams and tails in the Galactic halo. She studied astronomy at the Padova and Bologna Universities in Italy for her Master and PhD courses, respectively, and she carried out part of her PhD research at the European Southern Observatory in Germany. She was then at the Bologna Observatory before moving to Arcetri.

Large-scale Quantum Communication Network with Satellites

Jian-Wei Pan, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China

Jian-Wei Pan obtained his Bachelor and Master degrees of Theoretical Physics from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) in 1992 and 1995. In 1996, he went abroad for studying in Austria, and obtained his Ph.D. degree of Experimental Physics from the University of Vienna in 1999. In 2001, he was appointed as the full professor of physics by USTC. In 2011, he was elected as the academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). In 2012, he was elected as the World Academy of Science (TWAS) Fellow. The research of Jian-Wei Pan focuses on quantum optics, quantum information and quantum foundations. As one of pioneers in experimental quantum information science, he has accomplished a series of profound achievements. Due to his numerous progresses on quantum communication and multi-photon entanglement manipulation, quantum information science has become one of the most rapidly developing fields of physical science in China in recent years.

Searching for Life outside the Earth, in our Solar System and Beyond

Penelope Boston, NASA Astrobiology Institute, Moffett Field, CA, USA

Panel Discussion

International Coordination of Space Exploration Activities

Panel Chairs: Pascale Ehrenfreund and Chris McKay

Panel speakers: Simonetta di Pippo, Clive Neal, Victoria Hipkin, Jeff Johnson, Chiaki Mukai, Bernard Foing, Michael Moloney

Ambitious plans to build new space infrastructure, transport systems, and space probes require international cooperation. To create a sustainable long-term space exploration program, space agencies are seeking consensus on priorities, objectives, and approaches. Furthermore, an increasing number of countries and organizations have shown interest in participating in future space exploration efforts. There are currently many independent groups planning activities relating to future space exploration scenarios of the Earth-Moon-Mars space. These address different stakeholders, including national space agencies as well as non-profit and commercial interests. In addition to COSPAR (PEX, PPP), the organizations and working groups that have been most active in recent efforts include the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) through its standing space exploration committee, the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) which has organized recent “Heads of Space Agencies Summits”, the International Lunar and Mars Exploration Working Groups (ILEWG, IMEWG), respectively, and the International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG). Numerous reports and roadmaps have also been proposed by the international science organizations and working groups including the Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group (MEPAG), the Lunar Exploration Analysis Group (LEAG), the US National Academies’ Space Studies Board (SSB) with its recent 2014 comprehensive report “Pathways to Exploration: Rationales and Approaches for a U.S. Program of Human Space Exploration” and the European Science Foundation’s European Space Sciences Committee (ESF-ESSC). Support from organizations such as the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) and the United Nations Committee On Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN-COPUOS) guarantees the incorporation of international space law agreements and the interests of developing countries in the space exploration framework. 2018 will be an important “space year” with the International Space Exploration Federation ISEF in Tokyo, the Unispace +50 event in Vienna, the International Astronautical Congress 2018 in Bremen, and the COSPAR 2018 Assembly in Pasadena. COSPAR, through its Scientific Commissions and Panels provides an international forum that supports and promotes space exploration worldwide. This proposed COSPAR PEX Panel is intended to foster a dialogue with other international space organizations to explore pathways for improving coordination of space exploration activities.

Latest Results  

Jean-Louis Fellous, MSO, COSPAR, Paris, France
14:00 – 15:30, Sunday, 15 July

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